Periodontal disease also commonly referred to, asĀ gum diseaseĀ is frequently the cause for tooth loss in adults.

Q: What causes gum disease?

A:Gum disease is caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in "plaque" that accumulate over time along the gum line. This plaque is a mixture of food, saliva, and bacteria.

Q: How can gum diseases be treated, is surgery the only option?

A: The treatment entirely depends on the severity of the disease. The periodontal treatment involves: non surgical therapy (scaling and root planning, antibiotic treatment, bite correction, splinting) and surgical therapy (flap and bone surgery, gingivectomy, bone grafting, soft tissue grafting)

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